Click for the Crochetnmore home Page

Free Crochet Patterns from Crochet N More

Free Newsletter
Four New free crochet patterns each month. Delivered twice a month.

Enter Email Address to subscribe to our Newsletter:



Patterns we Sell
Our Newest Patterns
Free Pattern Directory
Our Blog
About Us
Advertise
Crochet Basics
Crochet Tips
Crochet Links
Crochet Supplies
How to read a pattern
Help Me Crochet
Knitting Links
Buy our patterns
Newsletter Archive
Contests
Our Amazon Books
Crochet Resources
Message Board
Visit our T-Shirt Shop
Craft Books
Our Videos

Donate to CNM

Check Out

The Dog House
The Scratching Post

Jesus First
My Testimony
Prayer List
Bible Trivia
Do You Know Jesus?
Ten Commandments

Help Us Out

Donate to CNM
Link To Us

CE Links
Charity Links
Cool Links
Awards

Privacy Policy
Contact Us
Site Map

On Sale Now at Joann.com



Crochet Patterns | Afghans | Air Fresheners | Baby | Bath | Bookmarks | Coasters & Doilies | Dolls & Accessories
Hair & Fashion Accessories | Holiday | Kitchen | Knit Patterns | Miscellaneous | Pets | Religious


Follow Crochetnmore on TwitterFollow us on Facebook

Crochet Instructions
CROCHET BASICS

Crochet Abbreviations
and Stitch Instructions

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
New Crocheters
Click Here:
Learn to Crochet: A Beginner's Guide

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

NOTE: I have written these instructions for the crocheter who has never tried to crochet or is still a beginner. Therefore, in most cases, I have gone into detail about how many loops are left on the hook after each step in hopes to make learning the stitches a bit easier.

If you need information on this page but do not want to print the numerous pages
you can copy and paste the instructions you need into MS Word or Notepad and print that way.

Copy and paste the following web address to the same page so you can come back if you additional stitch information: http://www.crochetnmore.com/123basics.htm

HOOK CONVERSION CHARTS

Aluminum Hooks

Steel Hooks

www.joann.com

Click Here for a Stitch Conversion Chart
UK/Austrailian vs. American Stitches

ABBREVIATION

STITCH NAME

INSTRUCTIONS

NO ABBREV. AFGHAN STITCH

Also known as:

Afghan crochet
Afghan stitch
Tricot crochet
Hook knitting
Railroad knitting
Crochet knit
Tunis crochet
Shepherd's knitting


Special hooks are used that are much longer than ordinary hooks to make room for the large number of stitches. It is very important to check the number of stitches on the hook at the end of each row from right to left, because it is very easy to sk the last st at the end of the row.
NOTE: The right side of the work is always facing you.

Step 1: Make a base chain with the required number of stitches (no extra turning chain). Insert hook in 2nd ch from hk and draw through a lp. Leave this lp on the hook. Pull a lp through each ch, leaving them on the hk, to the end of the row.

Step 2: Work the return row from left to right. Do not turn the work. YO and draw lp through the first lp on the hk. YO and draw lp through the next 2 lps on the hook. Continue drawing through 2 lps to end of row. ~Return Row~

Step 3: Do not turn the work. Work from right to left. Skip the first vertical lp formed at the edge of the work in previous row. Insert hk from right to left behind the next vertical lp. Yo and draw yarn through the vertical lp. Leave this lp on hook. Continue in this way to end. make sure you do not sk the last vertical lp on left-handed side of work.

Repeat Steps 2 & 3 till project is desired length.

Illustrated instructions

Basic Instructions - Illustrated

http://www.crochetcabana.com/specialty/tunisian.htm

Heritage Shoppe has another tutorial:
http://www.heritageshoppe.com/heritage/stitches/tunisian.html

Click here

Wikipedia, Tunisian Crochet is
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tunisian_crochet

BL or BLO BACK LOOP Instead of crocheting in the entire stitch which is both loops on the top of the stitch... you only catch or go through one of the loops when you do each stitch.
The back loop (bl) is the loop farthest from you.

Click here for YouTube Video


VARIED ABBREVIATIONS BACK POST STITCH Insert hook from the back side from right to left around post of st on previous row, complete the indicated stitch.

 

BPDC BACK POST DOUBLE CROCHET

Yarn over, insert hook from the back side of the work right to left around the post of the indicated stitch on a previous row;
yo and pull up a loop (3 lps on hk)
yo and draw through two lps (2 lps on hk)
yo and draw through two lps (1 lp on hk)

Click here for YouTube Video


BPHDC

BACK POST HALF DOUBLE CROCHET

 

Yarn over, insert hook from the back side of the work right to left around the post of the indicated stitch on a previous row;
yo and pull up a loop (3 lps on hk)
yo and draw through all three lps

BPSC BACK POST SINGLE CROCHET Insert hook from the back side of the work right to left around the post of the indicated stitch on a previous row;
yo and pull up a loop, yo and draw through two lps.
BP TR BACK POST TREBLE

Yarn over twice, insert hook from the back side of the work right to left around the post of the indicated stitch on a previous row;
yo and draw up a lp (4 lps on hk)
yo and draw through two lps (3 lps on hk)
yo and draw through two lps (2 lps on hk)
yo and draw through two lps (1 lp on hk)

NO ABBREV.

BEAD STITCH

a/k/a Berry Stitch

Insert hook in st indicated, yo and pull up lp, (holding back last lp on hook, yo and pull through first lp on hook only) 3 times, yo and pull through both lps on hook.

http://www.crochetmemories.com/crochet4.php

BEADED CH BEADED CHAIN STITCH With beads already threaded onto the yarn/thread...
Pull up one bead then chain 1.
BEG BEGINNING Beg is used in crochet patterns to let you know what part of the pattern you are working on.
BEG LINKED DC BEGINNING LINKED DOUBLE CROCHET

Ch3, insert hook in the second chain from the hook, yarn over and draw up a loop (2 lps on hook)
Insert hook in the same st as the beginning ch3 and draw up a loop (3lps on hook).
(Yarn over, draw through 2 loops) twice.

NOTE:
I begin a row of linked double crochet stitches by working the very first one in the same stitch as the beginning chains to avoid having to work into the top of the beginning chain on the opposite end of the row. This makes it easier to keep your stitch count correct and it's easier to place the stitches.

See below for instructions to work additional LINKED-DC stitches on a row.

BEG LINKED TR
(BEG LTR)

BEGINNING
LINKED
TREBLE
CROCHET

Ch4, insert hook in the second chain from the hook,
yarn over and draw up a loop (2 lps on hook)
Insert hook in the next chain, yarn over and draw up a loop
(3 lps on hook)
Insert hook in the same st as the beginning ch4 and draw up a loop (4lps on hook).
(Yarn over, draw through 2 loops) three times.

NOTE:
I begin a row of linked treble crochet stitches by working the very first one in the same stitch as the beginning chains to avoid having to work into the top of the beginning chain on the opposite end of the row. This makes it easier to keep your stitch count correct and it's easier to place the stitches.

See below for instructions to work additional LINKED-TR stitches on a row.

NO ABBREV. Block Stitch
a/k/a Diagonal Stitch
a/k/a Crazy Stitch
a/k/a Crazy Shell

You can find wonderful photo illustrated tutorials
on the following pages:
http://crochet.about.com/library/blcrazyst.htm
http://www.crochetcabana.com/stitches/diag-box-st.htm

You can make numerous items using this stitch...
http://www.crochetmemories.com/archive/april9.html

http://www.crochetnmore.com/haleysdiagonalcape.htm

NO ABBREV.

BOBBLE STITCH

Yarn over
insert hook in space indicated
yarn over
draw loop through
yarn over
draw through 2 loops on the hook

(yarn over,
insert hook in same space,
yarn over,
draw loop through
yarn over,
draw through 2 loops on hook) 4 times

yarn over,
draw through all 6 loops on hook
ch 1

Though similar a popcorn stitch, a bobble stitch is created by working a series of incomplete stitches and all of those stitches are joined at the top. Popcorn Stitches are worked using completed stitches the first and last stitches being joined to complete the stitch.

NO ABBREV.

BROOMSTICK LACE

This stitch is illustrated in the Broomstick Lace Afghan Square pattern.

Broomstick Lace is done with a large knitting needle or broomstick.
Using a crochet hook the loops are made one at a time and then placed onto the broomstick needle. Loops are worked off of the broomstick needle by removing them in sets and crocheting into them.

Broomstick lace can be altered to suite your taste. Instead of doing 4 loops per section you might want to do 5. Use your imagination. Just remember... if you pull off 4 loops (like in the square pattern) you must do 4 stitches into those loops. If you pull off 5 loops you must do 5 stitches into the loops, etc.

Click here for illustrated instructions

NO ABBREV. BULLION STITCH
(a/k/a ROLL STITCH
a/k/a RICE STITCH)
Yo 5 times, insert hk in next st, yo, draw lp through st and all 6 lps on hk. Ch 1.

Variation Bullion Stitch :
Yo 5 times, insert hk in next st, yo, draw lp through st, yo and all 7 lps on hk. Ch 1.

This stitch has endless variations...
click here for stitch photo

More info at Annie's Attic

JoAnne Birkenfeld has tips on the Roll/Bullion Stitch:
http://home.comcast.net/~gandal195/LetsRoll.html

CH CHAIN

With the slip knot on your hook, yarn over and draw through the loop that is already on your hook. Continue this for how many chains you need to begin your project.

The first row of a crochet project begins with a series of chain stitches.
Always work in the second chain from the hook for a single crochet.
Always work in the third chain from the hook for a half double crochet.
Always work in the fourth chain from the hook for a double crochet.
Always work in the fifth chain from the hook for a treble crochet.

When working into the chain you can either insert your hook under the top strand of each chain (the method most people use) or into the back ridge, "the hump", of each chain (sometimes referred to as camel crochet).

Click here for YouTube Video

CH-1 SP CHAIN 1 SPACE

Patterns sometimes refer to a chain space.. it can be chain 1 or any number/series of chains.
Ch-1 sp is the same as chain one space.
Ch2-sp is the same as chain two space.
etc.
Example: If a pattern says "sc in next ch-1 sp" then you do a single crochet in the next chain one space (the next space where you previously chained one). Work the stitch into the hole below the chain... not directly into the chain itself.

Click here for YouTube Video

CH-8 LP CHAIN-8 LOOP

Working from bottom of pattern:
Twist ch-8 lps, starting with first skipped ch-8 on starting ch, working vertically across ch-8 lps to last row, fold first ch-8 lp left to right forming a loop. With crochet hook, draw next ch-8 lp through, twisting left over right. Continue working in this manner across to last row. Secure last loop with bobby pin or clothes pin. Repeat this procedure on each ch-8 lp across.

CL CLUSTER There are variations of the cluster stitch but basically it means there is more than one stitch clustered together. As an example: If you were doing a 3 double crochet cluster you would do each double crochet without completing the last step (you would have 2 loops on the hook after the first dc, 3 loops on the hook after the second dc and 4 loops on the hook when all three dcs are completed. Then you yarn over and draw through all of the loops. That is what "Clusters" the stitch.

 

CC CONTRASTING COLOR This simply refers to a color used in a pattern.
CROSS OVER SHELLS Click here for illustrated instructions.
CR DC
(a/k/a CR ST
or DC CR ST)
CROSSED DOUBLE CROCHET

Skip a stitch, work a double crochet in the next stitch, then back up and work a double crochet in the skipped stitch. This "crosses" the two doubles.

Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OctEmV2tjRc

CR ST CROSS STITCH

You can cross regular crochet stitches by skipping one stitch, working a stitch in the next stitch, then working a stitch in the skipped stitch.
Double Crochet and Treble Crochet stitches are normally used.

Click Here for YouTube Video

DEC DECREASE There are several variations of decrease stitches. Decreasing can be done by one of two methods...
1) skipping stitches
2) do two or more stitches within one step of completion then draw through all loops on hook:

DNT DO NOT TURN
DC DOUBLE CROCHET

Yarn over and insert your hook into the stitch or space indicated.
Y
arn over and pull up a loop. (3 loops on hook.)
Yarn over and draw through 2 of the loops. (2 loops on hook.)
Yarn over and draw through the last 2 of the loops.

Click here for youtube video

DC DEC

a/k/a dc2tog

DOUBLE CROCHET DECREASE

Work a dc in the next stitch without completing the very last step (leave the last two loops on the hook), then dc in the next stitch without completing the last step. You should have three loops on the hook then yarn over and draw through all the loops. Decrease made.

Click here for YouTube Video

DC3TOG DOUBLE CROCHET
3 TOGETHER

Work a dc in the next stitch without completing the very last step (leave the last two loops on the hook)

DC in the next stitch without completing the last step. You should have three loops on the hook.

Dc in the next stitch without completing the last step. You should have FOUR loops on the hook.

Yarn over and draw through all the loops.
Decrease made.

DBL SHELL DOUBLE SHELL STITCH (2 dc, ch 2, 2 dc, ch 2, 2 dc) in next st or ch sp.
DTR DOUBLE TREBLE

Yarn over three times, then insert your hook into the stitch or space indicated. Yarn over and pull up a loop. (You should have five loops on your hook.) Yarn over and draw through two loops. (You should have four loops on your hook.) Yarn over and draw through two loops. (You should have three loops on your hook.) Yarn over and draw through two loops. (You should have two loops on your hook.) Yarn over and draw through two loops.

Click here for YouTube Video

(2Dtr Cl) 2-STITCH DOUBLE TREBLE CLUSTER Omitting the last step of each dtr, dtr in the first stitch,
dtr in the second stitch, YO, draw through all 3 lps on hook.

THE UNABBREVIATED INSTRUCTIONS:

Begin your first Double Treble:
Yarn over three times,
insert your hook into the stitch or space indicated.
Yarn over and pull up a loop. (You should have five loops on your hook.)
Yarn over and draw through two loops. (You should have four loops on your hook.)
Yarn over and draw through two loops. (You should have three loops on your hook.)
Yarn over and draw through two loops. (You should have two loops on your hook.)
Do not finish this stitch... you should leave the two loops on your hook

Begin your next Double Treble:
Yarn over three times,
insert your hook into the stitch or space indicated.
Yarn over and pull up a loop. (You should have 6 loops on your hook.)
Yarn over and draw through two loops. (You should have 5 loops on your hook.)
Yarn over and draw through two loops. (You should have 4 loops on your hook.)
Yarn over and draw through two loops. (You should have 3 loops on your hook.)
Yarn over and draw through all 3 loops.

NOTE: You can cluster more than two stitches... simply complete each additional stitch without completing the last step, then yarn over and draw through all loops remaining on the hook to cluster them all.

EDC EXTENDED DOUBLE CROCHET

Yo, insert hook into stitch, yo, pull through stitch (3 lps on hk), yo, pull through 1 loop, (still have 3 lps on hk) yo, pull through 2 lps, (2 lps on hk), yo, pull through remaining 2 loops.

Click here for YouTube Video

 

EHDC EXTENDED HALF DOUBLE CROCHET

Yo, insert hook into stitch, yo, pull through stitch (3 lps on hk), yo, pull through 1 loop, (still have 3 lps on hk) yo, pull through remaining 3 loops.

Click here for YouTube Video

ESC EXTENDED SINGLE CROCHET

Insert hook in next ch, yo, draw a loop through (2 loops on hook), yo, draw through one lp on the hook (2 loops still on hook), yo, draw through both loops on the hook.

Click here for YouTube Video

ETR EXTENDED
TREBLE
CROCHET

Yo twice, insert hook into stitch, yo, pull through stitch (4 lps on hook), yo, pull through 1 loop, (still have 4 lps on hook) yo, pull through 2 lps, (3 lps on hk), yo, pull through 2 lps, (2 lps on hook) yo, pull through remaining 2 loops.

Click here for YouTube Video

NO ABBREV. FASTEN OFF

Once you complete your last stitch on a project you will have one loop on your hook.
Cut the yarn leaving about a 4-6" tail to be woven in.
Yarn over, draw the yarn tail completely through the loop, and pull it tight.
This secures the yarn so the project doesn't unravel.
Now you need to weave in the yarn tail
using a crochet hook or a yarn needle.
The yarn needle is quicker and you can weave the strand in without disturbing the stitches.

Click here for YouTube Video

FO FINISHED OBJECT
NO ABBREV. FIVE TREBLE BOBBLE 1. Work five treble crochet into one stitch leaving the last loop of each treble crochet on the hook.
2. Yarn over and draw through all the loops on the hook.

More bulky bobbles can be secured with an exta chain stitch. If this is necessary it would be indicated within the pattern.

FL FRONT LOOP

Instead of crocheting in the entire stitch which is both loops on the top of the stitch... you only catch or go through one of the loops when you do each stitch.
The front loop (fl) is the loop closest to you.

Click here for YouTube video

VARIED ABBREV. FRONT POST STITCH Insert hook from the front side from right to left around post of st on previous row, complete the indicated stitch.
     
FPDC

FRONT POST DOUBLE CROCHET

(a/k/a
Front Raised
Double Crochet)

Yarn over, insert hook from the front side of the work right to left around the post of the indicated stitch on a previous row;
yo and pull up a loop (3 lps on hook)
yo and draw through two lps (2 lps on hook)
yo and draw through two lps (1 lp on hook)

Click here for YouTube Video:


FPHDC

FRONT POST HALF DOUBLE CROCHET

(a/k/a
Front Raised Half
Double Crochet)

Yarn over, insert hook from the front side of the work right to left around the post of the indicated stitch on a previous row;
yo and pull up a loop (3 lps on hook)
yo and draw through all three lps



FP SC FRONT POST SINGLE CROCHET Insert hook from the front side of the work right to left around the post of the indicated stitch on a previous row;
yo and pull up a loop, yo and draw through two lps.
FP TR FRONT POST TREBLE

Yarn over twice, insert hook from the front side of the work right to left around the post of the indicated stitch on a previous row;

yo and draw up a lp (4 lps on hook)
yo and draw through two lps (3 lps on hook)
yo and draw through two lps (2 lps on hook)
yo and draw through two lps (1 lp on hook)

FSC FOUNDATION SINGLE CROCHET

For any project that requires a foundation row of all single crochets you can use Foundation Single Crochets. In other words, instead of making a series of chain stitches and then working a single crochet into each chain you work a series of FSC stitches.

To begin a Foundation Single Crochet row, Chain 2.

Insert hook into the second chain from the hook
yarn over and draw a loop through (2 lps on hk)
chain 1 (2 lps still on hk)
yarn over and draw through two loops to finish the foundation single crochet.

*
Insert hook into last chain made, yarn over and draw a loop through. (2 lps on hk)
Chain 1. (2 lps still on hk)
Yarn over and draw through two loops to finish the foundation single crochet.

Repeat from the asterisk * for as many stitches as you need for your project.

Click here for YouTube video

FHDC FOUNDATION
HALF DOUBLE
CROCHET

For any project that requires a foundation row of all half double crochets you can use Foundation Half Double Crochets. In other words, instead of making a series of chain stitches and then working a half double crochet into each chain you work a series of FHDC stitches.

To begin a Foundation Half Double Crochet row, Chain 3.

Yarn over
Insert hook into the third chain from the hook
yarn over and draw a loop through (3 lps on hk)
chain 1 (3 lps still on hk)
yarn over and draw through all three loops to finish the foundation half double crochet.
*
Yarn over
Insert hook into last chain made,
yarn over and draw a loop through. (3 lps on hk)
Chain 1. (3 lps still on hk)
Yarn over and draw through all three loops to finish the foundation half double crochet.

Repeat from the asterisk * for as many stitches as you need for your project.

Click here for YouTube video

FDC FOUNDATION
DOUBLE CROCHET

For any project that requires a foundation row of all double crochets you can use Foundation Double Crochets. In other words, instead of making a series of chain stitches and then working a double crochet into each chain you work a series of FDC stitches.

To begin a Foundation Double Crochet row, Chain 4.

Yarn over
Insert hook into the fourth chain from the hook
yarn over and draw a loop through (3 lps on hk)
chain 1 (3 lps still on hk)
yarn over and draw through two loops
yarn over and draw through two loops
to finish the foundation double crochet.
*
Yarn over
Insert hook into last chain made,
yarn over and draw a loop through. (3 lps on hk)
Chain 1. (3 lps still on hk)
yarn over and draw through two loops
yarn over and draw through two loops
to finish the foundation double crochet.

Repeat from the asterisk * for as many stitches as you need for your project.

Click here for YouTube video

 

FTR

FOUNDATION
TREBLE
CROCHET

a/k/a
Foundation
Triple
Crochet

For any project that requires a foundation row of all treble crochets you can use Foundation Treble Crochets. In other words, instead of making a series of chain stitches and then working a treble crochet into each chain you work a series of FTR stitches.

To begin a Foundation Treble Crochet row, Chain 5.

Yarn over twice
Insert hook into the fifth chain from the hook
yarn over and draw a loop through (4 lps on hk)
chain 1 (4 lps still on hk)
yarn over and draw through two loops
yarn over and draw through two loops
yarn over and draw through two loops
to finish the foundation treble crochet.
*
Yarn over twice
Insert hook into last chain made,
yarn over and draw a loop through. (4 lps on hk)
Chain 1. (4 lps still on hk)
yarn over and draw through two loops
yarn over and draw through two loops
yarn over and draw through two loops
to finish the foundation treble crochet.

Repeat from the asterisk * for as many stitches as you need for your project.

Click here for YouTube video

NO ABBREV. GAUGE

Gauge refers to the measurement of stitches and rows contained in a stitch pattern sample. Always begin your gauge swatch with the recommended hook size and yarn then adjust the hook size as needed. Be sure to make your swatch large enough to get a proper measurement.

To measure the stitch gauge... lay the ruler horizontally across the work.
Row gauge... lay the ruler vertically across the work.

The measurements of your gauge swatch lets you know if your gauge meets what is recommended for your pattern. If it doesn't measure up like the pattern says then you should adjust your hook size accordingly...
too many stitches in your measurement... switch to a larger hook
too few stitches... switch to a smaller hook

Keep in mind... if your project isn't for a garment or an item that needs to be the approximate suggested size in the pattern instructions... then checking the gauge isn't as critical.

Helpful gauge information:

http://crochet-mania.blogspot.com/2008/08/blog-post_08.html

HDC HALF DOUBLE CROCHET Yarn over and insert your hook into the stitch or space indicated,
yarn over and pull up a loop. (You should have 3 loops on your hook.) Yarn over again and draw through all three of the loops on the hook.

Click here for youtube video

HDC DEC

a/k/a hdc2tog

HALF DOUBLE CROCHET DECREASE

Work a hdc in the next stitch without completing the very last step (keep all three loops on hook) , then hdc in the next stitch without completing the last step. You should have 5 loops on the hook then yarn over and draw through all the loops. Decrease made.

Click here for YouTube Video

HDC3TOG HALF DOUBLE
CROCHET 3 TOGETHER

Work a Hdc in the next stitch without completing the very last step (leave the last two loops on the hook)

HDC in the next stitch without completing the last step. You should have FIVE loops on the hook.

HDC in the next stitch without completing the last step. You should have SEVEN loops on the hook.

Yarn over and draw through all the loops.
Decrease made.

HTR HALF TREBLE CROCHET Yarn over twice & insert hook in the stitch indicated.
Yarn over, draw through two loops.
Yarn over, draw through last 3 loops.
NO ABBREV. HUMP OF THE CHAIN

Each chain has a top loop, a bottom loop and a "hump" on the back of the chain. The hump of the chain is also known as the "back ridge".

Click here for YouTube video

NO ABBREV. IN JOINING When you see this, work the indicated stitches in the same space as the joining stitch on the previous round.
IFO INVISIBLE FINISH OFF
An interesting way of finishing off a granny square or other motif
so there's no bump on the side of it.
 

 

INC INCREASE

When you increase you are only adding extra stitches.
Example: If the row you just completed has 12 stitches and you need to add 3 stitches evenly, then you should do an extra stitch in the 3rd, 6th and 9th stitch to make the pattern even.

LSC

LONG SINGLE CROCHET

(a/k/a Spike Stitch)

Insert hook in indicated stitch, yo, draw a loop through (2 loops on hook), yo, draw through both loops on the hook.

A Long Single Crochet Stitch is worked the same as a regular single crochet stitch, except... it is worked in a stitch on a row below the normal working row.

Click here for YouTube Video

LDC LONG DOUBLE CROCHET

Yarn over and insert your hook into the stitch or space indicated.
Y
arn over and pull up a loop. (3 loops on hook.)
Yarn over and draw through 2 of the loops. (2 loops on hook.)
Yarn over and draw through the last 2 of the loops.

A Long Double Crochet Stitch is worked the same as a regular double crochet stitch, except... it is worked in a stitch on a row below the normal working row.

LINKED DC

not a standard abbreviation

LINKED DOUBLE CROCHET

Insert hook in lower horizontal bar on same stitch,
yarn over, draw loop through,
insert hook in next st on row you are working,
yarn over, draw loop through,
(yarn over, draw loop through 2 loops on hook) 2 times.

 

NOTE: Refer to BEG LINKED-DC to see how to begin a row of linked double crochet stitches.

L TR LINKED TREBLE

Insert hook in upper horizontal loop of last stitch made.
Yarn over, draw loop through, (2 loops on hook)
insert hook in lower horizontal loop on same stitch,
yarn over, draw loop through, (3 loops on hook)
insert hook in next st on row you are working,
yarn over, draw loop through, (4 loops on hook)
(yarn over, draw loop through 2 loops on hook) 3 times.

Watch the Video:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nNpRBcZV7-g

Illustrated Tutorial

LP(S) LOOP(S) Loops are a series of chains in a pattern.
For example: 3 chains in a pattern may be referred to as a chain 3 loop (ch-3 lp) later in the pattern.
LP ST LOOP STITCH

Insert the hook in the next st,
grab the working yarn in a clockwise motion from left to right,
looping the working yarn over your finger or a large knitting needle.
Grab the working yarn and draw it through the stitch.
Drop the loop to the back of the crochet fabric.
Yarn over and draw through remaining loops on the hook.

Click here for loop stitch instructions


Click here for YouTube Video

LK LOVE KNOT Ch 1 loosely, sc in the hump on the back of the ch.
MC MAIN COLOR This simply refers to the main color used in a pattern.
NO ABBREV. MARGUERITE STITCH
(a/k/a Star Stitch or Spiked Cluster)
Click here for illustrated instructions
NO ABBREV. MOSS STITCH Make your foundation chain an odd number of chains.

Row 1: Sc in 3rd ch from hook. * ch 1, skip next ch, sc in next ch *. Repeat from * across. Ch 2 (counts as turning chain and first chain 1). Turn.

Row 2: Skip first sc, * sc in next ch 1 sp, ch 1, skip next sc *. Repeat from * across.
End this row with a sc in the top of the beg ch 2 of previous row. Ch 2. Turn.

Repeat Row 2 for desired length.

Click here for photo & instructions

PAT PATTERN

Pat is the abbreviation for "pattern".
Some crochet pattern designers will tell you to
continue "working in pattern" for so many stitches
and/or rows. You simply continue the same stitches
you were doing before until the designer tells you to work different stitches.

P PICOT

Ch 3, sl st in 3rd ch from hk.
(that's it... the picot makes a little bump in the piece you're crocheting)

Click here for YouTube Video

PM PLACE MARKER

This means you need to mark the indicated stitch. Use a short strand of a contrasting color yarn or a split ring marker... even a paper clip or latch pin will work. Just put either of these around the stitch you are indicated to mark and then continue with the pattern. The instructions should tell you when to reposition or remove the marker.

Click here for YouTube Video

PC POPCORN

The standard popcorn stitch is worked as follows:
Work 5 double crochets in the chain or stitch indicated.

Drop the loop from the hook.
Insert the hook in the top of the first double crochet of the 5-dc group.
Pick up the dropped loop.
Draw through the stitch.
Ch1.

Now you can "pop" the popcorn to the right or wrong side of the work as needed.

Hass Design has great video instructions... click here!

Click here for YouTube Video

PS OR Puff St PUFF STITCH Yo, insert hk in next st, yo, draw up 1/2" long lp, (yo, insert hk in same st, yo, draw up 1/2" long lp) 2 times, yo draw through first 7 lps on hk, ch 1.
QTR Quadruple Treble Crochet

yarn over 5 times (6 loops on hook)
insert your hook in the stitch and pull up a loop
(7 loops on hook)
yarn over and draw through 2 loops (6 loops on hook)
yarn over and draw through 2 loops (5 loops on hook)
yarn over and draw through 2 loops (4 loops on hook)
yarn over and draw through 2 loops (3 loops on hook)
yarn over and draw through 2 loops (2 loops on hook)
yarn over and draw through 2 loops (1 loop on hook)

Click here for YouTube Video

REM REMAINING Keep working in pattern over remaining stitches on row or round.
REP REPEAT Referenced in pattern when you need to repeat certain instructions.
REV HDC REVERSE HALF DOUBLE YO, Insert hk in next st to the right, draw up a lp (3 lps on hk), yo, draw through all 3 lps.
REV SC REVERSE SINGLE CROCHET (a/k/a CRAB STITCH)

A reverse single crochet is worked from left to right; whereas a regular single crochet stitch is worked from right to left. Insert your hook into the stitch or space indicated, then yarn over and pull up a loop. (You should have two loops on your hook.) Yarn over and draw through both of the loops on your hook. This stitch takes a bit of practice but the outcome is well worth the effort.

Click here for YouTube video

NO ABBREV. RICE STITCH
(a/k/a BULLION STITCH
a/k/a ROLL STITCH)

See Bullion Stitch above.

NO ABBREV. ROLL STITCH
(a/k/a BULLION STITCH
a/k/a RICE STITCH)

Roll st 20: Wrap the thread 20 times around the hook, bring up a loop through sc, thread over hook and draw through the coil on the hook, keep roll straight, thread over and draw through loop on hook. Repeat this for each roll.

See Bullion Stitch above.

JoAnne Birkenfeld has tips on the Roll/Bullion Stitch:
http://home.comcast.net/~gandal195/LetsRoll.html

RND(S) ROUND(S) The term "round" is used when a pattern calls for working in a circle instead of a straight row.
NO ABBREV. RUFFLING CROCHET Click here for illustrated instructions
VARIED ABBREV. SHELL STITCH A Shell Stitch just means that more than one stitch (such as a double crochet) is worked in the same space.

Example:
If a pattern calls for a 5 dc shell then you work 5 dc into the specified stitch.
If a pattern calls for a 9 tr shell then you work 9 tr into the specified stitch.

 

Click here for YouTube Video

NO ABBREV. SIMPLE RUFFLE To add a simple ruffled edge to a project... attach yarn in any stitch, sc in same st, * ch 3, sc in next st. Repeat from * around. Join with sl st, fasten off and weave in ends.
SC SINGLE CROCHET

Insert your hook into the stitch or space indicated, then yarn over and pull up a loop. (You should have two loops on your hook.) Yarn over and draw through both of the loops on your hook.

Click here for youtube video

SC DEC

a/k/a Sc2Tog

SINGLE CROCHET DECREASE
(a/k/a SINGLE CROCHET NEXT TWO STITCHES TOGETHER)
Insert hook in next stitch, draw up a loop, (two loops on hook), insert hook in next stitch, draw up a lp (3 loops on hook), YO and draw through all 3 loops.

Watch the video:

 

SC3TOG

a/k/a ScDec3Tog

SINGLE CROCHET THREE STITCHES TOGETHER Insert hook in next st, draw up a lp, (two lps on hk),
insert hook in next st, draw up a lp (3 lps on hook),
insert hook in next st, draw up a lp (4 lps on hook)
YO and draw through all 4 lps.

(SC over ring) SINGLE CROCHET
OVER RING
Working over ring, holding yarn in left hand behind ring, insert hook under/inside ring, yo, draw up a lp to the top of the ring, yo, draw through both lps on hk.

NOTE: This stitch is used in projects that require plastic or metal rings.
You can also crochet over a ring made from chains. Just chain as many as you'd like to use, join with a sl st to form the ring and begin doing the Sc over ring stitch.

Use metal rings (the size of your choice) and this stitch to make Photo Christmas Ornaments. Once you have the ring filled with stitches, you can do 3dc in each sc to form a wavy edge. Add a string to hang it and you have a cute ornament. To add the photo, trim the photo to size and tape or hot glue it to the back of the ornament.

Click here for YouTube Video

SC PS
or
SC Puff St
SINGLE CROCHET PUFF STITCH

(Yarn over, pull up a loop) 4 times, 9 loops on hook,
yarn over, pull thru 8 loops,
yarn over, pull thru 2 loops,
push puff to front of work, work next stitch in your pattern.

Watch the Video:

 

 

SK SKIP Skip the indicated stitches.
SL KNOT
(not a standard abbreviation)
SLIP KNOT To begin to crochet you first need to make a slip knot:
With the palm of your hand facing you--place the end of the yarn across the palm of your hand from right to left and back around to cross over your palm again laying it across the end of the first strand of yarn. Now reach under both strands of yarn (from top to bottom) and pull up the longest strand. Insert your crochet hook into this loop and tighten to secure the knot.

Click here for YouTube Video

SL KNOT - UNCLOSED
(no standard abbreviation)

UNCLOSED
SLIP KNOT

Make the slip knot like you normally but do not tighten it... this leaves the loop from the knot open so you can draw the opening closed later.

Note: This is similar to the Magic Loop or Magic Ring techique.

SL ST

(I've also seen this abbreviated as SS)

SLIP STITCH

Insert your hook into the stitch or space indicated, yarn over and draw through the stitch and the loop on your hook.

 

 

SP(S) SPACE(S)

When a pattern refers to spaces (sp or sps) it means to crochet into a certain space on the previous row instead of crocheting directly into a stitch.

The "space" can be the hole left beneath a chain or the opening between stitches.

Click here for YouTube Video for crocheting into chain spaces.

NO ABBREV. SPIKED CLUSTER Click here for illustrated instructions
NO ABBREV. STAR FILET STITCH Click here for photo illustrations
NO ABBREV. STAR STITCH
(a/k/a Marguerite Stitch or Spiked Cluster)
Click here for illustrated instructions
ST(S) STITCH(ES)
TOG TOGETHER When you see the abbreviation "tog" in a pattern you will be instructed to work a decrease over the indicated stitches.
TR
or
TC
TREBLE CROCHET
(Also known as Triple Crochet)

Yarn over twice, then insert your hook into the stitch or space indicated.

Yarn over and pull up a loop. (4 loops on hook.)
Yarn over and draw through 2 loops. (3 loops on hook.)
Yarn over and draw through 2 loops. (2 loops on hook.)
Yarn over and draw through two loops.

Click here for youtube video

TR DEC

a/k/a tr2tog

TREBLE DECREASE

(this is already listed on this page as TREBLE NEXT TWO STS TOG but I had a viewer ask about a treble decrease so I'm listing this stitch again in different terms.) Work a treble in the next stitch (without completing the last step) Work a treble in the next stitch (without completing the last step) Now yarn over and draw through all loops on the hook.

Click here for YouTube Video

TR2TOG

a/k/a tr dec

TREBLE NEXT
TWO STITCHES TOGETHER

Yo twice, insert hk in next st, yo & draw through lp, yo & draw through 2 lps, yo & draw through 2 lps, (2 lps on hk)
yo twice, insert hk in next st, yo & draw through lp, yo & draw through 2 lps, yo & draw through 2 lps, (3 lps on hk)
yo and draw through all 3 lps.

Click here for YouTube Video

TR4TOG TREBLE
4 STITCHES
TOGETHER

Work a TR in the next stitch without completing the very last step (leave the last two loops on the hook)

TR in the next stitch without completing the last step. You should have three loops on the hook.

TR in the next stitch without completing the last step. You should have FOUR loops on the hook.

TR in the next stitch without completing the last step. You should have FIVE loops on the hook.

Yarn over and draw through all the loops.
Decrease made.

TR-SPL TREBLE-SPLIT Work 1 treble in stitch, then 1 double crochet through 2 threads on the side of the treble.
TR-Y TREBLE-Y Work 1 treble in stitch, chain 1, then work 1 double through 2 threads on the side of the treble.
NO ABBREV.
TRINITY STITCH

Row 1: sc in second from hook,
insert hook in same ch & pull up a loop,
(insert hook in next ch & pull up a loop) twice,
YO & draw through all 4 loops on hook,
* ch 1, insert hook in same ch & pull up a loop,
(insert hook in next ch & pull up a loop) twice,
YO and draw through all 4 loops on hook,
repeat from * across,
sc in last stitch.

Row 2 : ch 1, turn. sc in first sc & pull up a loop,
(insert hook in next stitch & pull up a loop) twice,
YO and draw through all 4 loops on hook,
* ch 1, insert hook in same stitch & pull up a loop,
(insert hook in next stitch & pull up a loop) twice,
YO & draw through all 4 loops on hook,
repeat from * across,
sc in same sc as last stitch.

Repeat Row 2 until desired length.

Click here for photo instructions:
http://yarntomato.com/tutorials/trinity-stitch/

Click here for a video:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K6ZmQ_KoNm8

TP TR TRIPLE TREBLE

YO 4 times, insert hk in next st, yo, draw lp through (6 lps on hk), [yo, draw through 2 lps] 5 times.

Click here for YouTube Video

TDC TUNISIAN DOUBLE CROCHET Click here for instructions.
TSS TUNISIAN SIMPLE STITCH Click here for instructions.
V-ST V-STITCH (Dc, ch 1, dc) in next st or ch sp.
NO ABBREV. WORK EVEN Keep working the same stitches (or stitch pattern)
as before keeping the same number of stitches until the piece is the size indicated.
YO YARN OVER

(Take the yarn over the hook the number of times specified in the pattern. If the pattern just says yarn over then you only do it once.)

Click here for YouTube Video

 

 

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

Stitch Conversion Chart
Courtesy of Susan Lee

UK/AUSTRALIAN

Instructions

AMERICAN

Chain Stitch (ch)

Wrap the yarn over the hook and draw the yarn through to form a new loop

Ch
Slip Stitch (sl st)

Insert the hook into the work as indicated, wrap the yarn over the hook, draw the yarn through the work and the loop on the hook in one movement.

Sl st
Double Crochet (dc)

Insert the hook into the work, yarn over the hook and draw the yarn through the work only, yarn over hook draw the yarn through both loops on the hook.

Sc
Half Treble (htr)

Wrap yarn over hook and insert the hook into the work, yarn over the hook draw through work, yarn over hook draw through all 3 loops in the hook.

Hdc
Treble (tr)

Wrap yarn over hook and insert the hook into the work, yarn over the hook draw through work, yarn over hook draw through first 2 loops, yarn over hook, draw through last two loops.

Dc
Half Treble Yarn over and insert your hook into the stitch or space indicated, yarn over again and pull up a loop. (You should have three loops on your hook.) Yarn over again and draw through all three of the loops on the hook. Hdc
Double Treble (dtr)

Wrap the yarn over the hook twice and insert the hook into the work, yarn over hook draw through work, yarn over hook, draw through first two loops, yarn over hook draw through next two loops, yarn over hook draw through last two loops.

Tr
Miss Miss or Skip means you don't work a stitch in that particular stitch. Skip
Triple Treble (ttr)

Wrap the yarn over the hook 3 times and insert the hook into the work, wrap the yarn over the hook draw through work, yarn over hook drawn through first two loops, yarn over hook draw through next two loops, yarn over hook draw through next two loops, yarn over hook draw through last two loops.

Dtr
Tension Tension or Gauge refers to how lose or tight you crochet your stitches. Some patterns list measurements for a certain number of stitches and/or rows. This tells you if your tension or gauge meets what is recommended for your pattern. If not, adjust your hook size accordingly. Gauge


Visit PATTERNS FOR CROCHET
for information about UK Crochet Stitches.

Crochet Guild of America Lessons:

How to Hold Your Hook

How to Hold Your Yarn

Right Handed Crochet Lessons

Left Handed Crochet Lessons


More assistance for the Left-Handed Crocheter:

http://members.tripod.com/~bryan27/index.html

http://www.anniesattic.com/crochet/content.html?content_id=554

Tapestry Crochet For the Left Handed Crocheter:
http://iweb.tntech.edu/cventura/leftstitches.html

Additional sites with stitch instructions and/or illustrations to help get you started crocheting:

http://www.learntocrochet.com/instructions_cr.php3
http://www.needlepointers.com/department.aspx?NavID=14
http://www.craftown.com/crolesson.htm

BLOCKING

You can steam block afghan squares by placing a cloth over the square and steaming it with an iron. Do not press it... just work with the steam and then let the square lay flat until it cools. Be sure to use a cloth between the iron and the finished piece and be extra careful if you decide to block "acrylic" yarn items as it could melt if overheated. Some people block by just steaming over the piece without actually touching the iron to the project but if you decide to actually press the iron onto your project I suggest testing a scrap swatch first.

You can block a crocheted piece by wetting it thoroughly.
Then remove the excess water (I like to spin it in the washer).
Shape the piece, pinning if needed, and then let it air dry.

NOTE: When pinning.. use rust free pins.

This page explains blocking:

http://www.crochetme.com/blogs/kim_werker/archive....

 

CROCHET WITH BEADS

http://crochet.about.com/hobbies/crochet/library/weekly/aa030197.htm

CABLES

http://crochet.about.com/hobbies/crochet/library/weekly/aa062798.htm

CAMEL CROCHET - There's not alot of information available online in regard to Camel Crochet as this is a technique for which the name has been trademarked.

"Though I've never tried it I do know a little about this method of crochet. On the first row, you do stitches in the hump (hence the name camel crochet) of the chain instead of the top loop. This is what makes it look knitted. " Lisa

Visit these pages for more information:

http://www.camelcrochet.com/

http://www.ehow.com/how_6338988_camel-crochet-instructions.html

CHART CROCHET & CHANGING COLORS
FILET CROCHET

http://www.crochetcabana.com/specialty/filet_crochet.htm
http://www.smartcrochet.com/tutorial.shtml
http://www.hassdesign.com/BasicFiletTechniques/
http://crochet.about.com/library/weekly/aa050298.htm

FREE FORM CROCHET

Free Form Crochet doesn't require a "pattern".
You make a crocheted fabric using any stitch or combination of stitches you want.
You can read more here:
http://www.freeformcrochet.com/

Notice some of the creations on this page:
http://www.freeformcrochet.com/designs.html
these are made by using alot of smaller crocheted pieces to form a larger item.

FRINGE

Cut several pieces of yarn approximately 12-14 inches long (you can experiment to get the length you want). Insert hook in the stitch. Fold all strands of yarn in half. Using the hook, draw the folded ends of the yarn up through the stitch and pull the loose ends through the folded end. This completes a fringe and all you need to do is tighten up the knot by pulling on the strands of yarn. Continue with this method until you have added all of your fringe. You can trim the ends even with scissors after all fringes are added.

Click here for YouTube video

 

HAIRPIN LACE

TUTORIALS:
http://www.crochetcabana.com/specialty/hairpin_lace.htm
http://crochet.about.com/library/howto/hthairpinlace.htm

HOW TO READ A Crochet PATTERN
JOIN A NEW SKEIN OF YARN

When I tie on a new color sometimes I tie a knot (not recommended by most
crocheters as it leaves a little bump in your work) and then I weave in the
old color by working it back into the stitches of the same color. You can
crochet right over the ends of the yarn tails if they are both the same
color. If
not, crochet over the tail of the color you are working with and
then use a different weaving method to weave in the old color that you just
fastened off.

You can weave the old color in with a crochet hook or a yarn needle. The
yarn needle is quicker and you can weave the strand in without disturbing
the stitches.

 

Click Here to learn the Russian Joining Method

Here's a great information page if you need to
JOIN CROCHET SQUARES, MOTIFS, PANELS, ETC.

LAUNDRY CODES ON YARN LABELS

"I love the newsletter and tips. Is there a section that gives you the explaination of the laundry codes on all yarn labels? I found this one on the Lion Brand Yarn site and now I know what each symbol means. "
http://cache.lionbrand.com/yarnCare.html
Sherry

MAGIC RING
Learn to make the center of your first round without big hole in the middle.
http://www.planetjune.com/blog/tutorials/magic-ring-right-handed/

Another page that shows how to make a Magic Loop:
http://www.crochetmagazine.com/newsletters.php?mode=article&article_id=938&key=NL00

Click here for YouTube Video showing my version of the Magic Ring

RIBBING

Click here for YouTube video

 

SUBSTITUTING YARNS

If you have a pattern that calls for a yarn that you don't have or cannot purchase any longer you can use this website to enter yarn details and choose a different yarn.

http://www.yarndex.com/

SUGAR & STARCH STIFFENERS

You can find stiffening information on these pages:
http://crochet.tangleweeds.com/stiffeners.html

I used the "sugar water" recipe to stiffen two flower girl baskets for my sister in law's wedding.
It worked great... however the solution is very HOT so be CAREFUL to let it cool
enough before you try to put your hands in it - it could blister your skin !

SYMBOL CROCHET
TAPESTRY CROCHET

Carol Ventura's Tapestry Crochet Necklace Pouch

Tapestry Crochet in Rounds for Left-Handed Crocheters

Tapestry Crochet in Rounds for Right-Handed Crocheters

Carol Ventura's Tapestry Crochet “Spiral” Basket

Weaving the Ends (and fastening off)

Once you complete your last stitch on a project you will have one loop on your hook.
Cut the yarn leaving about a 4-6" tail to be woven in.
Yarn over, draw the yarn tail completely through the loop, and pull it tight.
This secures the yarn so the project doesn't unravel.
Now you need to weave in the yarn tail
using a crochet hook or a yarn needle.
The yarn needle is quicker and you can weave the strand in without disturbing the stitches.

Click here for YouTube video

 

HOW TO JOIN GRANNY SQUARES BY WHIP STITCHING THROUGH INNER LOOPS

WHIP STITCH

Can be used as a decorative element/embellishment or to join crochet pieces.

Using a length of yarn and a yarn needle, insert the yarn needle through the crochet fabric from front to back (or back to front) working along the edge. For each new stitch always insert the yarn needle from the same direction. When joining motifs, whip stitches can be worked into both loops, inner loops, outer loops, etc.

 

WORKING IN ROW ENDS

Sometimes a pattern has you work rows of stitches and then to form a border or edging
you are instructed to "work in the row ends". The row ends are the first & last stitches you did on each row. If the rows are single crochet stitches then the "end of the row" refers to
making the required stitches around the first & last single crochet stitches on each row.
If the first & last stitches on the row are double crochet stitches you work around the post of the double crochet stitches. No matter what kind of stitch you are using you work around the actual stitch on the end of the row... not into the top of it.

The first photo in the following picture shows a swatch turned on its side
with the ends of the rows on the top. I used a white cotton thread to work into the
row ends so you could see where the stitches go. The second photo shows the entire
piece with a border added. I worked one single crochet into each row end, one single
into each unworked loop of the foundation chain, one single in each row end up the opposite
side, and one single in each stitch on the last row I had made. For each corner I worked
3 singles so the motif wouldn't curl up.

Row Ends

WORK OVER

Some patterns use more than one color of yarn. If a pattern instructs you to drop one color of yarn and "work over" it with a new color... lay the unused color yarn along the top of the stitches of the previous row/round and crochet over them as you go.

YARN CONVERTER

http://www.swicofil.com/companyinfo/manual_count_converter.html

Would you like to see something else on this page? Click Here to send your comment.

 


Free Crochet Patterns About Us separator    Our Blog Twitter   Our Site Map   Contact Us Facebook

Copyright 1998-2010 Tisa Enterprises / Crochet N More.com